Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with 1,660,272 folks (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of much more than one particular million residents.
Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan region, also acknowledged as the Valley of the Sun, which in flip is element of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan region is the 11th greatest by population in the United States, with about 4.73 million folks as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the greatest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (1,341 km2), much more than twice the size of Tucson and one particular of the greatest cities in the United States.
Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural neighborhood close to the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was integrated as a city in 1881. It became the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a hot desert climate. In spite of this, its canal system led to a thriving farming neighborhood with the authentic settler’s crops remaining important components of the Phoenix economy for decades, such as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper have been acknowledged locally as the “5 C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economy. These remained the driving forces of the city until finally following World War II, when higher-tech businesses started to move into the valley and air conditioning produced Phoenix’s hot summers much more bearable.
The city averaged a four percent yearly population development rate over a forty–yr time period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This development rate slowed in the course of the Excellent Economic downturn of 2007–09, and has rebounded slowly. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.