Los Angeles lies in a bowl in Southern California, adjoining the Pacific Ocean, with mountains as substantial as ten,000 feet (3,000 m), and deserts. The city, which covers around 469 square miles (one,210 km2), is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most crowded district in the United States. The Los Angeles metropolitan zone (MSA) is residence to 13.one million men and women, making it the 2nd–biggest metropolitan zone in the nation after New York. Better Los Angeles incorporates metro Los Angeles just as the Inland Empire and Ventura County. It is the 2nd most crowded U.S. joined measurable zone, likewise after New York, with a 2015 gauge of 18.7 million men and women. Property to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles escorts have been guaranteed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542. The city was established on September four, 1781, by Spanish representative Felipe de Neve. It turned into a piece of Mexico in 1821 after the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, towards the finish of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the remainder of California have been bought as a function of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, and in this method turned out to be a piece of the United States. Los Angeles was consolidated as a area on April four, 1850, 5 months ahead of California accomplished statehood. The revelation of oil throughout the 1890s carried rapid advancement to the city. The city was additionally extended with the finishing of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, which conveys water from Eastern California. Los Angeles has an assorted economic climate and hosts organizations in a broad scope of specialist and social fields. It likewise has the busiest compartment port in the whole Americas. A around the world city, it has been positioned sixth in the International Cities Index and ninth in the International Economic Energy Index. The Los Angeles metropolitan area likewise has a gross metropolitan end result of $one. trillion (starting at 2017), making it the third-biggest city by GDP on the planet, after the Tokyo and New York City metropolitan territories. Los Angeles facilitated the 1932 and 1984 Summertime Olympics and will have the 2028 Summertime Olympics.